Biometrics gains widespread application
The application scenarios of biometrics represented by fingerprint recognition are constantly expanding. With the increase in public awareness and popularity of biometrics, biometrics has been widely used in finance, education, social security, public security and other industries. At present, the mainstream biometrics technology has the characteristics of the most mature fingerprint recognition, the hottest face recognition, and iris recognition ready to go.
Fingerprint recognition is entering the market in large numbers. Fingerprint recognition technology is mainly used in mobile devices, consumer electronics, notebook computers, security equipment, etc. Fingerprint recognition technology is password unlocked in information systems and replaces various physical switches in consumer products. Most smartphones use this feature for phone unlocking and fast payment. But fingerprint recognition has also been enriched in mobile phone applications, including encrypting applications and folders, applying shortcuts, and assisting self-timer functions.
The financial industry is also trying to create innovative services with new face recognition technologies. Intelligent robots use face recognition technology to authenticate customers and provide business consulting and other services. Compared with the fiery face recognition technology, the application of fingerprint recognition technology in the financial field is more mature. Major banks have already introduced fingerprint recognition technology in their internal risk control, and fingerprint authentication is required to perform authorization and other operations.
On the eve of the 2016 college entrance examination, the Ministry of Education issued a document stating that "second-generation ID cards should be used for on-site registration confirmation, on-site photo collection and fingerprint identification for information comparison and other measures to strictly prevent test substitution." Face recognition technology and fingerprint recognition technology immediately became the focus of the college entrance examination this year. With the promotion of the relevant departments of the Ministry of Public Security and other countries, the application scope of fingerprint recognition in the public security industry has been further expanded. Fingerprint recognition technology will greatly expand its ability to integrate witnesses.
Before iris recognition, due to the high cost, the application has not yet been popularized. With the trend of reducing the cost of iris recognition hardware products, tending to be miniaturized, and easy to integrate, mobile phone manufacturers such as Samsung and Apple have also begun to favor iris recognition technology. With high accuracy, iris recognition will usher in a big explosion.
Fingerprint recognition and other technologies need to get through the "security barrier" first
The application prospects of biometric technology are broad, each technology has its own advantages, but ensuring information security is the first priority. At present, the sensor market, which is the entry point for biometric data, is basically dominated by foreign manufacturers, and there is a security concern. Especially with the popularity of mobile payments, the public is increasingly demanding for security. How to build an integrated security application will be the key to the outbreak of fingerprint recognition and other biometric applications.
A complete fingerprint recognition solution contains three necessary elements: a fingerprint sensor, a fingerprint algorithm processing chip, and fingerprint algorithm software. At present, the chip security protection of the fingerprint algorithm chip of some manufacturers has not reached the international EAL4 + level. The protection of the secure storage of the fingerprint algorithm and the secure output of the comparison results need to be strengthened. From the perspective of many experts, in order to achieve greater development in biometrics, in addition to overcoming technical difficulties, the improvement of the industrial chain is even more important. The entire industrial chain needs to be further improved in terms of comprehensive safety protection technology, industrialization support, unified standards, and product compatibility.
The current single biometric technology has its own advantages and disadvantages, which will inevitably cause problems in application. "Fingerprint recognition + face recognition + iris recognition ..." The fusion of multiple insurance methods may allow the product security to take another level and jointly protect user information security.
In addition, with regard to the security of biometric data such as fingerprints, the state should legislate as soon as possible to make relevant specifications for related products, equipment manufacturers, service providers, and so on. With the concerted efforts of many parties, the application of biometrics technology is bound to usher in an explosion.